By Mauro Nogarin, P&GJ
Correspondent, South America
The Energy Research Company
(EPE), a division of the Brazilian Ministry of Energy, has published the “Transport
Gas Pipeline Plan 2022-2026” (PIG), to serve as a plan for investments in the
construction of gas pipelines at a national level.
The document shows $4 billion
as investments to finance the construction of five gas pipelines focusing on gas
flow from the Sergipe and Alagoas basin, in addition to gas from the pre-salt
Additionally, PIG addresses the
ongoing bottlenecks occurring toward the northeast and southeast through an
expansion of the region’s gas pipeline network.
It is important to point out
that among the projects analyzed in the previous PIG 2019 and 2020, different
levels of progress can be observed in the procedures that proceed with their
The first project of the
Barcarena-Belem Gas Pipeline consists of an infrastructure that will feed the
installation of the future Barcarena LNG Terminal currently under construction
in the Port of Vila do Conde in the metropolitan region of Belém.
This gas pipeline would
supply the capital of the state of Pará (Belém), to meet both the demands
generated by the thermoelectric plants and the demands of industries,
households and commercial activities.
The gas pipeline spans 31 miles
(50 km) and crosses the municipalities of Barcarena, Acará and Belém, starting
from the LNG terminal installed in the Port of Vila do Conde.
The 12-inch pipeline will
have a capacity of 4 MMscf/d and will not have compression stations.
The Jacutinga-Uberaba gas
pipeline is designed to meet the growing demand in the southern part of the
state of Minas Gerais and the north of the state of Sao Paulo.
The route is 198 miles (320
km) long, and the branch runs 12.5 miles (20 km), to supply 12 municipalities
in the state of Minas Gerais; the 18-inch pipeline will have a capacity of 6 MMscf/d.
A separate 16-inch pipeline will run to the state of São Paulo.
The third pipeline starts
from the Cacimbas Processing Center, located in the city of Linhares, to
transport natural gas to Governador Valadares, the border between the states of
Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo. The gas pipeline route runs 198 miles (318 km)
and crosses three municipalities in the state of Espírito Santo and six in the
state of Minas Gerais.
The capacity of the 20-inch
pipeline will be 7 MMscf/d, and there is no need for compressor stations.
The fourth pipeline runs for
São João da Barra to Macaé and will connect the Port of Açu with Petrobras’
Cabiúnas Terminal, which would connect its LNG regasification terminal located
in Porto do Açu itself.
The 22-inch pipeline will
span 62 miles (100 km) and cross five municipalities in the state of Rio de
Janeiro and Macaé. It will operate at a
pressure of 100 kgf/cm² and a capacity of 10 MMscf/d.
Finally, the 28-inch Duque
de Caxias-Taubaté gas pipeline will expand the distribution of gas for the
network of the TBG company. It will traverse 183 miles (295 km), crossing 10
municipalities in the state of Rio de Janeiro and 13 municipalities in the
state of São Paulo.
The new infrastructure will operate
at a pressure of 1,422 psi (100 kgf/cm²) and add to the existing GASCAR gas
pipeline, with a capacity of 25 MMscf/d. P&GJ
Lead Photo: Routes of the new gas pipelines to be approved
in the 2022-26 plan. (Credit: EPE Brazil)